An Overview of Popular Programming Languages
Picking a programming language to learn can be a difficult prospect. Do you go with a tried-and-true language that’s been around for decades? Or do you focus on innovation and choose a cutting-edge language with all of the bells and whistles? By learning the ins and outs of every language, you can make that decision easy based on your skill level, what you’re looking to do, and the project you’re trying to make.
Java is one of the biggest coding languages in the world and one of the oldest still being used today. Almost every computer has the Java Runtime Environment installed, which allows any software written in Java to run. This platform independence makes it a great fit for a wide variety of programs. In addition, this is the language used for Android app development, making it widely popular for people who are looking to create apps. This is a good language to learn for business coding, as it’s used by many retailers, banks, and other very large organizations.
Python is another one of the most popular programming languages. It emphasizes readability by removing a lot of the syntax that’s included in other languages, instead using easily readable indentation. Python, like Java, C/C#, and C++, is used to create standalone software to run on a computer. It is not as useful for mobile apps or the Web. The speed at which a program can be created in this language is one of Python’s biggest selling points.
C is one of the oldest coding languages, invented in the mid-1970s. Older languages such as C are much lower-level than more recent languages; this means that the programmer can access the computer’s memory more directly and it requires less setup to run a program, such as the runtime environment needed for Java. This language is more complicated to understand than some others but will provide you with a deep knowledge of the building blocks of programs and software design.
C# is one of two extensions of C. It’s much newer and higher-level than C and takes care of a lot of the difficulties that come with C. For example, when a program written in C is done with a block of memory, the block will have to be manually freed up in the code for another program to use it. In C#, these types of low-level necessities are done automatically, similarly to how other languages work.
C++ is the other “spinoff” of C, somewhere in between C and C#. This language used to be called “C with classes,” as that is the main difference between this language and C. In C++, you can use an object-oriented approach using classes but still manage your memory for efficiency.
Although these two are not technically programming languages, they are widely used in conjunction with other languages. These two languages are used to design websites that are functional and beautiful. HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language, and it’s a structural language that can be used to dictate what a website will look like. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets and contains the design directives of your website. For example, HTML would be used to place a header on a page, and CSS would be used to change its background color or font size.
Although these are two different languages, they are both used for the same purpose almost exclusively: creating mobile apps in the Apple ecosystem. Swift is one of the newer languages on the market, with just a few years under its belt, and it’s designed to work with Objective-C as well as on its own. Due to Apple’s closed ecosystem, it’s quite difficult to use these languages on a Windows machine. They require running macOS, Apple’s proprietary operating system, which legally can only be run on their machines. However, this tight coupling between macOS, iOS, and Swift/Objective-C means that testing is a breeze in these languages.
- Java Basics
- Java for Beginners Guide
- Learning Java
- Introduction to Node.js
- Why Python Is Awesome
- Python Tutorial
- Getting Started: Picking a Python Interpreter
- 11 Beginner Tips for Learning Python
- The C Language
- Interactive C# Tutorial
- C++ Development Tutorials
- What Is HTML?
- Intro to HTML: Creating Pages for the Web
- Starting With HTML and CSS
- Swift vs. Objective-C
- Getting Started With iOS: Objective-C vs. Swift
- Swift: The Basics
- Top Programming Languages